What causes renovascular hypertension (RVHT)?

Updated: Dec 01, 2020
  • Author: Rebecca J Schmidt, DO, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
  • Print
Answer

The term renovascular hypertension implies that the cause of the elevated blood pressure is decreased arterial inflow to the kidneys. Overall, approximately two thirds of RVHT cases are caused by atherosclerotic disease, and one third are caused by FMD or other congenital disorders. Other clinical entities that may be associated with RVHT include the following:

  • Cholesterol embolic disease
  • Acute arterial thrombosis or embolism
  • Aortic dissection
  • Renal arterial trauma
  • Arterial aneurysm
  • Arteriovenous malformation of the renal artery

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!