What is included in the physical exam to assess cardiovascular and volume status in suspected acute kidney injury (AKI)?

Updated: Dec 24, 2020
  • Author: Biruh T Workeneh, MD, PhD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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The most important part of the physical examination is the assessment of cardiovascular and volume status. The physical examination must include the following:

  • Pulse rate and blood pressure recordings measured in the supine and the standing position
  • Close inspection of the jugulovenous pulse
  • Careful examination of the heart and lungs, skin turgor, and mucous membranes
  • Assessment for peripheral edema

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