When is calculating the urinary anion gap (AG) useful in the workup of metabolic acidosis?

Updated: Oct 10, 2018
  • Author: Christie P Thomas, MBBS, FRCP, FASN, FAHA; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Calculating the urine AG is helpful in evaluating some cases of non-AG metabolic acidosis. The major measured urinary cations are Na+ and K+, and the major measured urinary anion is Cl-:

Urine AG = ([Na+] + [K+]) - [Cl-]


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