How is metabolic acidosis classified?

Updated: Dec 08, 2020
  • Author: Christie P Thomas, MBBS, FRCP, FASN, FAHA; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Metabolic acidosis is typically classified according to whether the anion gap (AG) is normal (ie, non-AG) or high. Non-AG metabolic acidosis is also characterized by hyperchloremia and is sometimes referred to as hyperchloremic acidosis. Calculation of the AG is thus helpful in the differential diagnosis of metabolic acidosis. [3, 5]


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