What can result from an increase in the anion gap (AG) in patients with metabolic acidosis?

Updated: Dec 08, 2020
  • Author: Christie P Thomas, MBBS, FRCP, FASN, FAHA; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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An increase in the AG can result from either a decrease in unmeasured cations (eg, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia) or an increase in unmeasured anions (eg, hyperphosphatemia, high albumin levels). In certain forms of metabolic acidosis, other anions accumulate; by recognizing the increasing AG, the clinician can formulate a differential diagnosis for the cause of that acidosis. [3]

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