How common is hypotonic hyponatremia and what factors guide its treatment?

Updated: Jun 17, 2019
  • Author: Eric E Simon, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Hypotonic hyponatremia accounts for most clinical cases of hyponatremia. The first step in the approach and evaluation of hypotonic hyponatremia is to determine whether emergency therapy is warranted. The following three factors guide treatment:

  • Patient's volume status

  • Duration and magnitude of the hyponatremia

  • Degree and severity of clinical symptoms

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