What is the incidence of hyponatremia in the US?

Updated: Jun 17, 2019
  • Author: Eric E Simon, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

The incidence of hyponatremia depends largely on the patient population and the criteria used to establish the diagnosis. Among hospitalized patients, 15-20% have a serum sodium level of < 135 mEq/L, while only 1-4% have a serum sodium level of less than 130 mEq/L. The prevalence of hyponatremia is lower in the ambulatory setting.

The US armed forces reported 1579 incident diagnoses of exertional hyponatremia among active \service members from 2003 through 2018, for a crude overall incidence rate of 7.2 cases per 100,000 person-years. Cases occurred both in training facilities and theaters of war. Diagnosis and treatment without hospitalization was accomplished in 86.3% of cases. [5]  


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