Which medications in the drug class Urinary Alkalinizing Agents are used in the treatment of Hypokalemia?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Urinary Alkalinizing Agents

Potassium citrate is an orally administered alkalinizing agent. This and other potassium salts may be used as supplements to maintain potassium homeostasis; however potassium chloride is usually the drug of choice.

Potassium citrate (Urocit K)

This is an oral preparation with a base instead of an acid anion. Potassium citrate is generally used for patients who form calcium stones or for those with severe metabolic acidosis. It is not as effective as potassium chloride for replacement in the general population. Tailor the dose to the patient's needs.


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