How is Gitelman syndrome differentiated from Bartter syndrome?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Compared with Bartter syndrome, Gitelman syndrome generally is milder and presents later; in addition, Gitelman syndrome is complicated by hypomagnesemia, which generally does not occur in Bartter syndrome. Hypocalciuria is also frequently found in Gitelman syndrome, while patients with Bartter syndrome are more likely to have increased urine calcium excretion.


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