What is the pathophysiology of a low potassium state?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Low potassium states result in insulin resistance, impairing potassium uptake into muscle cells, and cause decreased aldosterone release, lessening renal potassium excretion. This system results in rapid adjustments in immediate potassium disposal and helps to provide long-term potassium homeostasis.


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