What causes hypokalemia (low potassium)?

Updated: Dec 06, 2018
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Hypokalemia may result from inadequate potassium intake, increased potassium excretion, or a shift of potassium from the extracellular to the intracellular space. Increased excretion is the most common mechanism. Poor intake or an intracellular shift by itself is a distinctly uncommon cause, but several causes often are present simultaneously. (See Etiology.)


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