What is the role of electrocardiogram (ECG) in the diagnosis of hypocalcemia?

Updated: Aug 08, 2019
  • Author: Manish Suneja, MD, FASN, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Acute hypocalcemia causes prolongation of the QT interval, which may lead to ventricular dysrhythmias (see the image below). It also causes decreased myocardial contractility, which can lead to heart failure, hypotension, and angina. Cardiomyopathy and ventricular tachycardia may be reversible with treatment.

Electrocardiogram (ECG) findings in severe hypocal Electrocardiogram (ECG) findings in severe hypocalcemia.

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