How are most cases of hypocalcemia diagnosed?

Updated: Aug 08, 2019
  • Author: Manish Suneja, MD, FASN, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Symptomatic patients with classic clinical findings of acute hypocalcemia require immediate resuscitation and evaluation. However, most cases of hypocalcemia are discovered by clinical suspicion and appropriate laboratory testing. Albumin, liver function studies, and coagulation parameters should be obtained to assess liver dysfunction and hypoalbuminemia. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine should be measured, as elevated levels may indicate renal dysfunction.


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