What causes hypocalcemia in the early stages of renal failure?

Updated: Aug 08, 2019
  • Author: Manish Suneja, MD, FASN, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Chronic kidney disease leads to a decrease in the conversion of 25-hydroxyvitamin D to its active form 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, particularly when the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) falls below 30 mL/min. This results in an increase in PTH. Ultimately, the increased absorption of phosphorus and calcium can lead to calcium-phosphorus mineral deposition in the soft tissues. In the early stages of renal failure, hypocalcemia can occur because of the decrease in calcitriol production and a subsequent decrease in the intestinal absorption of calcium.


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