What are the AHA-ASA guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

The 2011 American Heart Association-American Stroke Association (AHA-ASA) guidelines for the primary prevention of stroke makes the following recommendations [139] :

  • Hypertension: the AHA-ASA guidelines recommend regular blood pressure screening, lifestyle modification, and drug therapy; lower risk of stroke and cardiovascular events are seen when systolic blood pressure levels are lower than 140 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure levels are less than 90 mm Hg

  • In patients who have hypertension with diabetes or renal disease, the BP goal is lower than 130/80 mm Hg

  • Diet and nutrition: a diet that is low in sodium and high in potassium is recommended to reduce BP; diets that promote the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, such as the DASH-style diet, help lower BP and may lower the risk of stroke

  • Physical inactivity: increasing physical activity is associated with a reduction in the risk of stroke; the goal is to engage in 30 minutes or more of moderate intensity activity on a daily basis

  • Obesity and body fat distribution: weight reduction in overweight and obese persons is recommended to reduce BP and the risk of stroke


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