What should be included in a comprehensive strategy to reduce mortality and morbidity associated with hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

A comprehensive strategy for reduction of mortality and morbidity associated with hypertension must include prevention strategies, earlier detection, and adequate treatment. Ideally, a population strategy should be used to lower BP in the community. More intensive efforts are required to lower blood pressure in high-risk population groups, which include individuals with a family history of hypertension, black ancestry, obesity, excessive sodium consumption, physical inactivity, and/or alcohol consumption. Even a small reduction in BP confers significant health benefits. A reduction of 2 mm Hg in diastolic BP is estimated to decrease the risk of stroke by 15% and the risk of coronary heart disease by 6%


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