Which patients are more likely to present with acute heart failure during a hypertensive emergency?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

In a study by Tymchak et al, patients presenting with acute heart failure as a manifestation of hypertensive emergency were more likely to be black and have a history of heart failure; they were also more likely to have higher B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and creatinine levels and lower left ventricular ejection fraction. Note that BNP is inversely proportional to the degree of a patient’s obesity. [57]


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