What is the most common clinical presentations of a hypertensive emergency?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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The most common clinical presentations of hypertensive emergencies are cerebral infarction (24.5%), pulmonary edema (22.5%), hypertensive encephalopathy (16.3%), and congestive heart failure (12%). Other clinical presentations associated with hypertensive emergencies include intracranial hemorrhage, aortic dissection, and eclampsia, [55] as well as acute myocardial infarction. Hypertension is also one of several conditions that have been increasingly recognized as having an association with posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), a condition characterized by headache, altered mental status, visual disturbances, and seizures. [56]

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