What are the risk factors for oral contraceptive-associated hypertension (high blood pressure)?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
  • Print
Answer

The risk factors for oral contraceptive–associated hypertension include mild renal disease, familial history of essential hypertension, age older than 35 years, and obesity. It would be better to group oral contraceptives and steroids with drug-induced hypertension (see Table 1, below).

Table 1. NHIS/NCHS Age-Adjusted Prevalence Estimates in Individuals Aged 18 Years and Older in 2015. (Open Table in a new window)

Race/Ethnic Group

Have Hypertension, %

Have Heart Disease, %

Have Coronary Heart Disease, %

Have Had a Stroke, %

White only

23.8

11.3

5.6

2.4

Black/African American

34.4

9.5

5.4

3.7

Hispanic/Latino

23.0

8.2

5.1

2.4

Asian

20.6

7.1

3.7

1.4

American Indian/Alaska Native

28.4

13.7

9.3

2.2 (this number is considered unreliable)

Source:  Summary health statistics: National Health Interview Survey, 2015.  Available at: https://ftp.cdc.gov/pub/Health_Statistics/NCHS/NHIS/SHS/2015_SHS_Table_A-1.pdf. Accessed: November 14, 2016.

 

NCHS = National Center for Health Statistics; NHIS = National Health Interview Survey.


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!