Is hypertension (high blood pressure) genetic?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Answer

Hypertension develops secondary to environmental factors, as well as multiple genes, whose inheritance appears to be complex. [14, 23]  Furthermore, obesity, diabetes, and heart disease also have genetic components and contribute to hypertension. Epidemiologic studies using twin data and data from Framingham Heart Study families reveal that BP has a substantial heritable component, ranging from 33-57%. [24, 25, 26]


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