What end-organ damage may occur during a hypertensive emergency?

Updated: Feb 22, 2019
  • Author: Matthew R Alexander, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Eric H Yang, MD  more...
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Acute end-organ damage in the setting of a hypertensive emergency may include the following [12] :

  • Neurologic: hypertensive encephalopathy, cerebral vascular accident/cerebral infarction, subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage

  • Cardiovascular: myocardial ischemia/infarction, acute left ventricular dysfunction, acute pulmonary edema, aortic dissection, unstable angina pectoris

  • Other: acute renal failure/insufficiency, retinopathy, eclampsia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia

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