Which medications in the drug class Electrolytes are used in the treatment of Hyperkalemia?

Updated: Apr 09, 2020
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Magnesium sulfate is used for hyperkalemic patients with cardiac arrhythmias from digitalis toxicity.

Magnesium sulfate

Magnesium is a cofactor in enzyme systems involved in neurochemical transmission and muscular excitability. In adults, potassium 60-180 mEq/day, magnesium 10-30 mEq/day, and phosphate 10-40 mmol/day may be necessary for optimum metabolic response. Give IV for acute suppression of torsades de pointes. Repeat doses are dependent on the continuing presence of patellar reflex and adequate respiratory function.

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