What is the prevalence of hyperkalemia (high serum potassium level) among children?

Updated: Apr 09, 2020
  • Author: Eleanor Lederer, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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The incidence of hyperkalemia in the pediatric population is unknown, though the prevalence of hyperkalemia in extremely low birth weight premature infants can exceed 50%. [46] Hyperkalemia in pediatric patients is most commonly associated with renal insufficiency, acidosis, and diseases that involve defects in mineralocorticoid, aldosterone, and insulin function. [22]

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