Which medications in the drug class Alkalinizing Agents are used in the treatment of Hyperchloremic Acidosis?

Updated: Oct 18, 2018
  • Author: Sai-Ching Jim Yeung, MD, PhD, FACP; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Alkalinizing Agents

These are used as gastric, systemic, and urinary alkalinizers and have been used in the treatment of acidosis resulting from metabolic and respiratory causes, including diarrhea, kidney disturbances, shock, and diabetic coma.

Sodium bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate is indicated for the treatment of metabolic acidosis. It increases renal clearance of acidic drugs.

Sodium citrate (Cytra-2, Oracit, Modified Shohl solution)

Sodium citrate treats metabolic acidosis and is used as an alkalinizing agent when long-term maintenance of alkaline urine is desirable.

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