What is the morbidity and mortality of hypercalcemia in patients with PTH-related protein (PTHrP) production or osteolytic metastases?

Updated: Oct 03, 2018
  • Author: Mahendra Agraharkar, MD, MBBS, FACP, FASN; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Hypercalcemia is often the immediate cause of death in patients with ectopic PTHrP production. These patients rarely survive more than a few weeks or months. Osteolytic metastases tend to cause morbidity and mortality from nerve compression and other orthopedic complications. These patients may live longer but still have a poor prognosis, especially if their serum calcium levels are very high.


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