What is the global prevalence of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis?

Updated: Dec 16, 2020
  • Author: Duvuru Geetha, MD, MRCP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

APSGN can occur sporadically or epidemically. The incidence seems to be decreasing in the United States and Europe, but sporadic cases of the disease continue to be reported from all over the world. The prevalence of nephritis varies considerably among persons with sporadic infections with nephritogenic streptococci. The reason for this variability is not known.

A systematic review by Jackson et al demonstrated significant variation in the global incidence of APSGN, with the highest incidence of 239 per 10,000 in Australian Aborigines and lowest incidence of 0.04 in 100,000 in an Italian study of people younger than 60 years. [12]

Epidemic poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis occurs mainly in developing countries in areas such as Africa, the West Indies, and the Middle East. Reasons for this changing epidemiology relate to the nutritional status of the community, the more liberal use of antibiotic prophylaxis, and possibly the change in the nephritogenic potential of streptococci. Among epidemic infections with nephritogenic streptococci, the apparent clinical attack rate is 10-12%. [4, 5]


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