Which conditions are risk factors for the development of diabetic nephropathy?

Updated: Oct 09, 2019
  • Author: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Diabetic nephropathy should be considered in patients who have diabetes mellitus (DM) and a history of one or more of the following:

  • Passing of foamy urine

  • Otherwise unexplained proteinuria

  • Diabetic retinopathy

  • Fatigue and foot edema secondary to hypoalbuminemia (if nephrotic syndrome is present)

  • Other associated disorders such as peripheral vascular occlusive disease, hypertension, or coronary artery disease

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