What is the frequency of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in patients with diabetic nephropathy?

Updated: Oct 09, 2019
  • Author: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN; Chief Editor: Romesh Khardori, MD, PhD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Although both type 1 and type 2 DM lead to ESRD, the great majority of patients are those with type 2 diabetes. The fraction of patients with type 1 DM who develop renal failure seems to have declined over the past several decades. However, 20-40% still have this complication. On the other hand, only 10-20% of patients with type 2 DM develop uremia due to diabetes. Their nearly equal contribution to the total number of patients with diabetes who develop kidney failure results from the higher prevalence of type 2 DM (5- to 10-fold).


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