Which tests are used to screen patients at elevated risk for chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Updated: Oct 26, 2020
  • Author: Pradeep Arora, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

For screening patients at elevated risk, the KDOQI recommends using an albumin-specific dipstick; this is because albuminuria is a more sensitive marker than total protein for CKD from diabetes, hypertension, and glomerular diseases. A positive dipstick test should be followed by calculation of the albumin-to-creatinine ratio, with a ratio greater than 30 mg/mg followed by a full diagnostic evaluation. [45]


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