What conditions trigger elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels in chronic kidney disease (CKD)?

Updated: Oct 26, 2020
  • Author: Pradeep Arora, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Low serum calcitriol levels, hypocalcemia, and hyperphosphatemia have all been demonstrated to independently trigger PTH synthesis and secretion. As these stimuli persist in CKD, particularly in the more advanced stages, PTH secretion becomes maladaptive, and the parathyroid glands, which initially hypertrophy, become hyperplastic. The persistently elevated PTH levels exacerbate hyperphosphatemia from bone resorption of phosphate.


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