What are the signs and symptoms of intrarenal azotemia?

Updated: Sep 19, 2018
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
  • Print
Answer

Patients with intrarenal azotemia may have a history of nocturia, polyuria, proteinuria, shock, and edema. There may be a personal or family history of congenital or systemic diseases, especially diabetes, hypertension, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), other collagen vascular diseases, hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), syphilis, multiple myeloma, and AIDS.

Obtain a detailed medication history, looking for nephrotoxic medications (especially antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs [NSAIDs], angiotensin-converting enzyme [ACE] inhibitors, diuretics, and herbal remedies), chemical exposure, and intravenous (IV) drug abuse (associated with exposure to HIV, HBV, and HCV infections).


Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!