What is the global prevalence of azotemia?

Updated: Apr 24, 2020
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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In a report from Madrid that evaluated 748 cases of AKI at 13 tertiary hospital centers, conditions included the following [6] :

  • ATN (45%)
  • Prerenal (21%)
  • AKI or chronic renal failure, mostly due to ATN and prerenal disease (13%)
  • Urinary tract obstruction (10%)
  • Glomerulonephritis or vasculitis (4%)
  • Acute interstitial nephritis (2%)
  • Atheroemboli (1%)

A study of the epidemiology of community-acquired AKI in eastern India in 1983–95 versus 1996–2008 found that the incidence rate rose from 1.95 to 4.14 per 1000 hospital admissions. In addition, the etiology of AKI shifted: the incidences of obstetrical, surgical, and diarrheal AKI decreased significantly, whereas those of AKI associated with malaria, sepsis, nephrotoxic drugs, and liver disease increased. [7]

Etiologies of CKD differ around the world. Diabetic nephropathy as a cause of CKD is on the rise in developed and developing countries.

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