What is the prevalence of azotemia in the US?

Updated: Sep 19, 2018
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

The reported incidence of hospital or community-acquired ARF varies considerably. In one report, community-acquired ARF occurred in about 1% of all hospital admissions. Overall, ARF occurs in about 5% of all hospital admissions. However, differences exist between the incidence of ARF occurring in the intensive care unit (ICU; about 15%) and that in the coronary care unit (CCU; about 4%). [4]

In CKD, progressive azotemia leading to ESRD necessitating dialysis or kidney transplantation occurs in a number of chronic diseases, including diabetes (36%), hypertension (24%), glomerulonephritis (15%), cystic kidney disease (4%), and all other known miscellaneous renal disorders (15%).


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