What is the role of acute vascular diseases in the pathophysiology of azotemia?

Updated: Apr 24, 2020
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Acute vascular diseases include vasculitis syndromes, malignant hypertension, scleroderma renal crisis, and thromboembolic disease, all of which cause renal hypoperfusion and ischemia leading to azotemia. Chronic vascular diseases include hypertensive benign nephrosclerosis, which has not been conclusively associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), and ischemic renal disease from bilateral renal artery stenosis. [3]

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