What is the role of acute vascular diseases in the pathophysiology of azotemia?

Updated: Sep 19, 2018
  • Author: Moro O Salifu, MD, MPH, FACP; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Acute vascular diseases include vasculitis syndromes, malignant hypertension, scleroderma renal crisis, and thromboembolic disease, all of which cause renal hypoperfusion and ischemia leading to azotemia. Chronic vascular diseases are due to hypertensive benign nephrosclerosis, which has not been conclusively associated with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and ischemic renal disease from bilateral renal artery stenosis. [2]


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