Which medications in the drug class Diuretics, Thiazide are used in the treatment of Proteinuria?

Updated: Mar 25, 2020
  • Author: Beje Thomas, MD; Chief Editor: Vecihi Batuman, MD, FASN  more...
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Answer

Diuretics, Thiazide

Patients with fluid overload should be treated with diuretics. Use a combination of diuretics acting at different sites of the nephron (eg, loop diuretic ± thiazide ± spironolactone). Diuretics are used to treat edema and hypertension. They increase urine excretion by inhibiting sodium and chloride transporters.

Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)

Metolazone treats edema in congestive heart failure. It increases excretion of sodium, water, potassium, and hydrogen ions by inhibiting reabsorption of sodium in distal tubules. It may be more effective in cases of impaired renal function.

Hydrochlorothiazide (Microzide)

Hydrochlorothiazide inhibits reabsorption of sodium in distal tubules, causing increased excretion of sodium and water as well as potassium and hydrogen ions.


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