Which GI pathogens associated with reactive arthritis?

Updated: Sep 19, 2017
  • Author: John L Brusch, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Reactive, or postexposure, arthritis is observed more commonly in patients with human lymphocyte antigen B27 (HLA-B27) histocompatibility antigens. Although various infections can cause reactive arthritis, gastrointestinal processes are by far the most common. Gastrointestinal pathogens associated with reactive arthritis include the following:

  • Salmonella enteritidis

  • Salmonella typhimurium

  • Yersinia enterocolitica

  • Campylobacter jejuni

  • Clostridium difficile

  • Shigella sonnei

  • Entamoeba histolytica

  • Cryptosporidium


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