What guidelines are available for management of nosocomial pneumonia?

Updated: Jul 30, 2018
  • Author: Burke A Cunha, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Answer

Answer

All patients with presumed nosocomial pneumonia should undergo testing to rule out conditions that mimic nosocomial pneumonia. The diagnosis of nosocomial pneumonia is difficult because it may present in a very nonspecific fashion. A summary of management strategies is available through a recently released practice guideline provided by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and American Thoracic Society (ATS). [3]

The wide list of differential diagnoses presents a major challenge in diagnosing nosocomial pneumonia. Many conditions other than nosocomial pneumonia mimic pulmonary infiltrates (eg, fluid, atelectasis) on chest radiographs.


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