What is the prognosis of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Burke A Cunha, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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The prognosis in patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) depends primarily on preexisting underlying cardiopulmonary function and host defenses.

In HAP/ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), outcomes usually depend on risk factors/comorbidities rather than on the initial empiric therapy. [16, 17, 18]

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