Which conditions may mimic the findings of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Burke A Cunha, MD; Chief Editor: John L Brusch, MD, FACP  more...
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Clinicians should understand that many of these findings are often shared with mimics of nosocomial pneumonia, such as congestive heart failure (CHF), pulmonary emboli, pulmonary hemorrhage, primary or metastatic lung carcinomas, leukemias/lymphomas, pulmonary drug reactions, and radiation pneumonitis, among others. VAP refers to nosocomial pneumonia that develops among patients on ventilators. [5, 1]

Typical chest radiograph of a patient with nosocom Typical chest radiograph of a patient with nosocomial pneumonia.

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