What infection control measures should be taken when pulmonary tuberculosis is suspected in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and HIV infection?

Updated: Oct 31, 2019
  • Author: Stephanie L Baer, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

In the absence of an alternate etiology (such as influenza), patients with HIV infection who are admitted with CAP should be placed on airborne isolation while the possibility of active pulmonary tuberculosis is evaluated (eg, with sputum AFB smears/cultures), factoring in local incidence and potential exposure risk.


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