What testing is useful in determining the community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) pathogen in patients with HIV infection?

Updated: Oct 31, 2019
  • Author: Stephanie L Baer, MD; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

The differential diagnoses of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is broader than in HIV-negative patients. The patient’s immunologic status, as reflected by the CD4 count, the clinical course, and the chest radiographic appearance, provides clues to the most likely etiologic organism.


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