Which medications in the drug class Vaccines, Inactivated, Bacterial are used in the treatment of Meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Vaccines, Inactivated, Bacterial

Inactivated bacterial vaccines are used to induce active immunity against pathogens responsible for meningitis.

Meningococcal (group A C Y and W-135) diphtheria conjugate vaccine (Menactra, Menveo)

This vaccine is composed of capsular polysaccharide antigens (groups A, C, Y, and W-135) of N meningitidis. Meningococcal vaccine may be used to prevent and control outbreaks of serogroup C meningococcal disease, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) guidelines. It induces formation of bactericidal antibodies to meningococcal antigens.

The vaccine is used for active immunization against invasive meningococcal disease caused by inclusive serogroups. Although the vaccine induces antibody response for serogroup A in individuals as young as age 3 months, it is poorly immunogenic for serogroup C in recipients who are younger than age 18-24 months.

Meningococcal group B vaccine (Trumenba, Bexsero)

The vaccine is administered as a 3-dose series at months 0, 2, and 6 (Trumenba) or a 2-dose series given at least 1 month apart (Bexsero). It induces production of bactericidal antibodies directed against the capsular polysaccharides of serogroup B. It is indicated for active immunization to prevent invasive meningococcal disease caused by Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B in individuals aged 10 through 25 years.

Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine polyvalent (Pneumovax 23)

This vaccine contains capsular polysaccharides of 23 pneumococcal types, which constitute 98% of pneumococcal disease isolates.

Pneumococcal vaccine 13-valent (Prevnar 13)

Capsular polysaccharide vaccine against 13 strains of S pneumoniae conjugated to nontoxic diphtheria protein. Includes serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F.

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