Which medications in the drug class Glycopeptides are used in the treatment of Meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Glycopeptides

Vancomycin inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis by blocking glycopeptide polymerization. It is indicated for many infections caused by gram-positive bacteria.

Vancomycin

Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic that is active against staphylococci, streptococci, and other gram-positive bacteria. It exerts antibacterial activity by inhibiting biosynthesis of peptidoglycan and is the drug of choice for highly penicillin-resistant and ceftriaxone-resistant S pneumoniae and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). It is a component of empiric first-line therapy for meningitis associated with central nervous system (CNS) shunts.

Because of poor CSF penetration, a higher dose of vancomycin is required for meningitis than for other infections. In patients with renal impairment, the dose is adjusted on the basis of the creatinine clearance.


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