Which medications in the drug class Sulfonamides are used in the treatment of Meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Sulfonamides

Empiric antimicrobial therapy should cover all likely pathogens in the context of this clinical setting. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is effective against many aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, but its use in bacterial meningitis is limited to patients with Listeria monocytogenes meningitis who have a penicillin allergy.

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Bactrim DS, Septra DS, Sulfatrim)

Trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole work together to inhibit bacterial synthesis of tetrahydrofolic acid. Trimethoprim prevents the formation of tetrahydrofolic acid by binding to bacterial dihydrofolate reductase. Sulfamethoxazole inhibits bacterial synthesis of dihydrofolic acid by competing with para-aminobenzoic acid, inhibiting folic acid synthesis. This results in inhibition of bacterial replication.


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