What are the delayed complications of pneumococcal meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Risk factors for hearing loss after pneumococcal meningitis are female gender, older age, severe meningitis, and infection with certain pneumococcal serotypes (eg, 12F). [16] Delayed complications include the following:

  • Decreased hearing or deafness
  • Delayed cerebral thrombosis [17]
  • Other cranial nerve dysfunctions
  • Multiple seizures
  • Focal paralysis
  • Subdural effusions
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Intellectual deficits
  • Ataxia
  • Blindness
  • Waterhouse-Friderichsen syndrome
  • Peripheral gangrene

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