In what parts of the world is meningococcal meningitis endemic?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Meningococcal meningitis was endemic in parts of Africa, with periodic epidemics occurring in the so-called sub-Saharan “meningitis belt,” as well as among religious pilgrims traveling to Saudi Arabia for the Hajj. The introduction of the MenAfriVac (Serum Institute of India Ltd, Hadapsur, Pune, India), a conjugate vaccine against serogroup A N meningitidis, in sub-Saharan Africa has now eliminated group A meningococcal meningitis outbreaks, but new epidemics are now occurring with serogroup W and C. [10]


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