What are the risk factors for developing Candida meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Candida species are ubiquitous in nature. They are normal commensals in humans and are found in the skin, the GI tract, and the female genital tract. The most common species is Candida albicans, but the incidence of non-albicans candidal infections (eg, Candida tropicalis) is increasing, including species with antifungal resistance (eg, Candida krusei and Candida glabrata).

Involvement of the CNS usually follows hematogenous dissemination. The most important predisposing risks for acquiring disseminated candidal infection appear to be iatrogenic (eg, the administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics and the use of indwelling devices such as urinary and vascular catheters). Prematurity in neonates is considered a predisposing risk factor as well. Infection may also follow neurosurgical procedures, such as placement of ventricular shunts.


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