What causes chronic meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Chronic meningitis can be caused by a wide range of infectious and noninfectious etiologies (see Table 2 below).

Table 2. Causes of Chronic Meningitis (Open Table in a new window)

Category

Agent

Bacteria

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Borrelia burgdorferi

Treponema pallidum

Brucella spp

Francisella tularensis

Nocardia spp

Actinomyces spp

Fungi

Cryptococcus neoformans

Coccidioides immitis

Blastomyces dermatitidis

Histoplasma capsulatum

Candida albicans

Aspergillus spp

Sporothrix schenckii

Parasites

Acanthamoeba spp

Naegleria fowleri

Angiostrongylus cantonensis

Gnathostoma spinigerum

Baylisascarisprocyonis

Schistosoma spp

Strongyloides stercoralis

Echinococcus granulosus


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