What are risk factors for developing staphylococcal meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Staphylococci are gram-positive cocci that are part of the normal skin flora. Meningitis caused by staphylococci is associated with the following risk factors:

  • Neurosurgery

  • Head trauma

  • Presence of CSF shunts

  • Infective endocarditis and paraspinal infection

S epidermidis is the most common cause of meningitis in patients with CNS (ie, ventriculoperitoneal) shunts. (See Staphylococcal Meningitis.)

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