What is the role of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B Streptococcus) (GBS) in the transmission of neonatal meningitis?

Updated: Jul 16, 2019
  • Author: Rodrigo Hasbun, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Michael Stuart Bronze, MD  more...
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Answer

Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococcus [GBS]) is a gram-positive coccus that inhabits the lower GI tract. It also colonizes the female genital tract at a rate of 5-40%, which explains why it is the most common agent of neonatal meningitis (associated with 70% of cases).


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